Inference Framework Example
You can also various frameworks to help your students practice making inferences. The first framework we will address is the “It says…I say…And so…” framework. You can use this framework for your own practice and use it with students when working with documents or primary sources.
It says…I say…And so…
Finish the sentence stems to make inferences.
It says/they say…(the text)
I say….(my background knowledge)
And so…(put the two together to make an inference)
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Read the following text and finish the inference sentence stems:
John Lewis, “Together, You Can Redeem the Soul of Our Nation,” July 30, 2020, https://billofrightsinstitute.org/activities/john-lewis-together-you-can-redeem-the-soul-of-our-nation-2020
“. . . Ordinary people with extraordinary vision can redeem the soul of America by getting in what I call good trouble, necessary trouble. Voting and participating in the democratic process are key. The vote is the most powerful nonviolent change agent you have in a democratic society. You must use it because it is not guaranteed. You can lose it.
You must also study and learn the lessons of history because humanity has been involved in this soul-wrenching, existential struggle for a very long time. People on every continent have stood in your shoes, through decades and centuries before you. The truth does not change, and that is why the answers worked out long ago can help you find solutions to the challenges of our time. Continue to build union between movements stretching across the globe because we must put away our willingness to profit from the exploitation of others.
Though I may not be here with you, I urge you to answer the highest calling of your heart and stand up for what you truly believe. In my life I have done all I can to demonstrate that the way of peace, the way of love and nonviolence is the more excellent way. Now it is your turn to let freedom ring.
When historians pick up their pens to write the story of the 21st century, let them say that it was your generation who laid down the heavy burdens of hate at last and that peace finally triumphed over violence, aggression, and war. So I say to you, walk with the wind, brothers and sisters, and let the spirit of peace and the power of everlasting love be your guide.”
Finish the following inference stems:
It says/they say…
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