Defining Civil Discourse and Viewpoint Diversity
The following are definitions for viewpoint diversity and civil discourse. These working definitions have informed the development of this course and will be at the forefront of the coursework and discussions throughout.
Historical Thinking Skills & Reasoning Processes
Search the internet for “historical reasoning skills,” and several skills and varied descriptions will pop up. What exactly do we mean when we discuss historical reasoning skills? What are those skills, and what do they look like when students are learning them and practicing them? For our purposes, we’ll rely on the skills and descriptions set out by College Board’s Advanced Placement history courses. College Board identifies 6 thinking skills (Developments and Processes, Sourcing and Situation, Claims and Evidence in Sources, Contextualization, Making Connections, and Argumentation) with three additional reasoning processes embedded in the Making Connections skill (Comparison, Causation, and Continuity and Change).
Below is a chart of the skills and reasoning processes in these courses. While you may not teach an AP-level course, these skill descriptions offer a strong jumping-off point and can be embedded throughout any secondary social studies course and provide students with opportunities to explore content in a deep and relevant context. We will offer a short overview of each, before diving deeper into some of the most commonly used in the classroom.