Argumentation Skills

Argumentation Skills

Review the following skills before proceeding onto the next module.

Ability to make inferences

An inference is a preliminary conclusion based on facts and existing knowledge. Inferencing requires students to take something from the text, combine it with some existing background knowledge, and make a new connection.

For example, a woman with a flushed face at the track is stretching. I can see that her face is red, and he’s at a place where people run. Combining these facts with my prior knowledge that when I run, my face becomes flushed, and after runs, stretching is a common way to cool down, I can make the inference that the woman recently ran at the track.











Drafting a Historical Argument

The ability to create an argument is an essential skill in the field of history. After identifying and framing a question about the past, students must develop a claim or argument that answers the question. You can think of it as a thesis statement.

The argument should be supported by the analysis from the other historical thinking skills: comparison, causation, patterns of continuity and change over time, or periodization.










Providing Reasoning with Evidence

Just because you say so does not mean I believe you. Evidence is essential in defending an argument. Students must corroborate their claims with sources and demonstrate why this evidence supports their argument.